Wild Life of Pierella Garden

We have been dedicated to wildlife conservation in Sarapiqui region, Costa Rica.

This area

■ Mammals:

There are about 240 species of mammals in Costa Rica and Sarapiqui region has about 100 species of mammals.

We have several species of mammals which our visitors can frequently see during our guided tour in Pierella Garden.

Species that visitors can easilly see in our garden are:

1. 2 types of sloth (Three and Two – Toed Sloth)

2. several species of bats, especially our iconic specie, Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba)

3. Nine-Banded Armadillo (Especially during the night tour)

Besides these species, you might be able to see howler monkey, Mexican hairy porcupine,Raccon and other animals in our garden!!

Three-Toed Sloth eating cecropia which is their favorite food!!

Iconic specie that we have is Honduran White Bat which is very difficult to see but in our garden, you can see with high probability!!

Honduran white Bat Flying!! This incredible foto was taken in our garden by Mr. Daniel Whit.

If you are a lucky enough, you might be able to see Maxican Hairy Porcupine!!

■ Birds:

Costa Rica is very bird rich contry, more than 890 species have been recorded in our country!!

This number is more than the number has been recorded in United States and Canada conbined!!

In our garden, about 100 species of birds have been recorded.

The outstanding species that we have in our garden such as:

1. Great Green Macaw (Ara anbiguus)

2. American Pygmy Kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea)

3. White-Whiskered Puffbird (Malacoptila panamensis)

4. Rufous-Tailed Jacamar (Galbula ruficauda)

5. Chestnut-Mandibled Toucan (Ramphastos swainsonii)

6. Keel-Billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)

7. Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus)

8. Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus Loricatus)

Great Green Macaw. This specie is endangered specie and one the most outstanding specie that we have in Pierella!!

American pygmy kingfisher. It can be seen in small river or pond that we have!!

White-Whiskered Puffbird female

Rufous-Tailed Jacamar.One of the most beatiful specie that we have in our garden!!

Chestnut-Mandibled Toucan. The biggest toucan that we have in Costa Rica!!

Cinnamon Woodpecker. One of the most beatiful woodpecker that we have in our garden!!

If you want more information about birds we have, please check the gallery of our website!!

■ Anfibians:

More than 200 species of amfibians are discoverd in Costa Rica.

We have various kinds of beatiful species in our garden such as:

1. Red-Eyes Tree Frog (Agalychnis callidryas)

2. Strawberry Poison Dart Frog (Oophaga pumilio)

3. Green And Black Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates auratus)

One of the most iconic specie of Costa Rica. You can see this beatiful frog in our garden all year round!!

Strawberry Poison Dart Frog also known as blue jeans because of their color of legs!!

Green and Black Poison Dart Frog

■ Reptiles:

Costa Rica is idela place for Lizard or snake lovers!! There are more than 200 species of reptiles have been discovered.

The species that we would like to mention are:

1. Green Iguana (Iguana iguana)

2. Green Basilisk (Basiliscus pulmifrons)

3. Brown Basilisk (Basiliscus vittatus)

4. Helmeted Basilisk (Corytophanes cristatus)

Green iguana. They are very good tree climber

Green Basilisk also known as Jesus Christ lizard because of their ability to run on the surface of water!!

Brown Basilisk also known as Striped Basilisk. They can also run on the water and very good at camoflage

Helmeted Basilisk. They are master of camouflage and very diffuicult to see but in our garden, you can see this interesting creature with high probability!!

■ Insects:

■ Plants:

Plants and trees are fundamental for every kinds of animals including us, human being.

Costa Rica is very rich at biodiversity thanks to our rich plant diversity.

In Sarapiqui region, there are about 2000 species of plants and 800 species of trees.

 

Acerca de la Mariposa

Posición Taxonómica

Reino: Animal.
Subreino: Metazoos.
Filum: Artrópodos.
Clase: Insectos.
Órden: Lepidopteros

Ciclo de Vida

Las mariposas diurnas y nocturnas experimentan metamorfosis completa. Su ciclo vital se compone de cuatro fases: huevo, larva (oruga), pupa (crisálida o capullo ) y adulto.

Los huevos son de forma ovalada o esférica. Cuando eclosionan, nacen las larvas con su cuerpo cilíndrico y bastante elástico, ojos simples, piezas bucales masticadoras y tres pares de patas verdaderas en el tórax y 5 en el abdomen. Después de 25 a 45 días según la especie, pierden las patas del abdomen, cesan de comer y llegan a la fase en la que tejen sus capullos y se convierten en pupas. Durante esta fase las estructuras se transforman por completo; sus sistemas internos se reorganizan y se desarrolla la estructura externa del adulto, que es la mariposa en su estado sexual de madurez. El cuerpo tiene tres partes: cabeza, torax y abdomen.

En la cabeza están los órganos de la visión, alimentación y orientación, conformados por un par de antenas con receptores para el olfato, un par de ojos compuestos bien desarrollados y una lengua enrollada en forma de tubo chupador en espiral o probóscide, también llamada espiritrompa.

El tórax tiene dos pares de alas membranosas cubiertas de diminutas escamas y tres pares de patas que permiten volar y posarse sobre las plantas y gran variedad de sustancias que le sirven de alimento, tales como: néctar, polen, fruta muy madura, carroña, estiércol, orina y otros exudados vegetales y animales.

El abdomen contiene los órganos de la digestión y la reproducción.

Importancia

Las mariposas transportan el polen de las flores a diversas plantas con lo cual ayudan a la polinización, hacen parte de la cadena trófica de los seres vivos y son indicadores ecológicos de la diversidad y salubridad de los ecosistemas en que habitan.

Muchas especies de mariposas se encuentran en peligro de extinción por la presión del hombre que ha hecho desaparecer numerosos hábitats o destruido ecosistemas, contaminado los lugares donde antes vivían estas especies. Algunas poblaciones se han reducido de forma drástica y otras están al borde de la desaparición total.

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